Theoretical Study on Microwave Scattering Mechanisms of Sea Surfaces Covered With and Without Oil Film for Incidence Angle Smaller Than 30° - ENSTA Bretagne - École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées Bretagne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Année : 2021

Theoretical Study on Microwave Scattering Mechanisms of Sea Surfaces Covered With and Without Oil Film for Incidence Angle Smaller Than 30°

Honglei Zheng
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Jie Zhang
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  • IdHAL : jie-zhang
Yanmin Zhang
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Yunhua Wang
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Résumé

This article is devoted to investigating the microwave scattering mechanisms of oil-free and oil-covered sea surfaces for an incidence angle smaller than 30° in a backscattering configuration. The Elfouhaily spectrum is used to simulate an oil-free sea surface, whereas the Elfouhaily spectrum combined with the Jenkins damping model is applied to the simulation of an oil-covered sea surface. Then, the Kirchhoff approximation-stationary phase approximation (KA-SP) and the first order of small-slope approximation (SSA-1) are employed to simulate the scattering coefficients induced by specular scattering and total scattering, respectively. Importantly, a new parameter defined as specular scattering to total scattering ratio (STR) is proposed in this article, which can be used to measure the ratio of specular backscattered power to total backscattered power. The dependencies of the scattering coefficient and the STR on incidence angles, wind speeds, wind directions, oil thicknesses, and so on, are investigated. This article provides new insights for a better understanding of the evolution of microwave scattering mechanisms from oil-free and oil-covered sea surfaces in the transition region of incidence angles (from about 15° to 30°).
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Dates et versions

hal-03126988 , version 1 (19-06-2023)

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Honglei Zheng, Jie Zhang, Yanmin Zhang, Ali Khenchaf, Yunhua Wang. Theoretical Study on Microwave Scattering Mechanisms of Sea Surfaces Covered With and Without Oil Film for Incidence Angle Smaller Than 30°. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2021, 59 (1), pp.37-46. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2020.2993861⟩. ⟨hal-03126988⟩
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