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Article Dans Une Revue Advances in Geosciences Année : 2021

IWV retrieval from ground GNSS receivers during NAWDEX


A ground-based network of more than 1200 Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) was analysed using GIPSY-OASIS II software package for the documentation of time and space variations of water vapor in atmosphere during the North Atlantic Waveguide and Downstream impact EXperiment (NAWDEX) during fall 2016. The network extends throughout the North Atlantic, from the Caribbeans to Morocco through Greenland. This paper presents the methodology used for GNSS data processing, screening, and conversion of Zenith Tropospheric Delay (ZTD) estimates to Integrated Water Vapor content (IWV) using surface parameters from reanalysis. The retrieved IWV are used to evaluate the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalyses ERAI and ERA5. ERA5 shows an overall improvement over ERAI in representing the spatial and temporal variability of IWV over the study area. The mean bias is decreased from 0.31 ± 0.63 to 0.19 ± 0.56 kg m −2 (mean ±1σ over all stations) and the standard deviation reduced from 2.17±0.67 to 1.64 ± 0.53 kg m −2 combined with a slight improvement in correlation coefficient from 0.95 to 0.97. At regional scale, both reanalyses show a general wet bias at mid and northern latitudes but a dry bias in the Caribbeans. We hypothesize this results from the different nature of data being assimilated over the tropical oceans. This GNSS IWV data set is intended to be used for a better description of the high impact weather events that occurred during the NAWDEX experiment.
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hal-03126858 , version 1 (02-02-2021)



Pierre Bosser, Olivier Bock. IWV retrieval from ground GNSS receivers during NAWDEX. Advances in Geosciences, 2021, 55, pp.13-22. ⟨10.5194/adgeo-55-13-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03126858⟩
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