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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2019

Low complexity robust adaptive beamformer based on parallel RLMS and Kalman RLMS

Ali Mansour
B.A. Elhassan
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. Srar
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Najem
  • Fonction : Auteur


To ease spectral congestion and enhance frequency reuse, researchers are targeting smart antenna systems using spatial multiplexing and adaptive signal processing techniques. Moreover, the accuracy and efficiency of such systems is highly dependent on the adaptive algorithms they employ. A popular, adaptive beamforming algorithm, widely used in smart antennas, is the Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithm. While, the classical RLS implementation achieves high convergence, it still suffers from its inability to track the target of interest. Recently, a new adaptive algorithm called Recursive Least Square - Least Mean Square (RLMS) which employs a RLS stage followed by a Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm stage and separated by an estimate of the array image vector, i.e. steering vector, has been proposed. RLMS outperforms previous RLS and LMS variants, with superior convergence and tracking capabilities, at the cost of a moderate increase in computational complexity. In this paper, an enhanced, low complexity parallel version of the cascade RLMS is presented by eliminating the need for computing the array image vector cascading stage. Hence, For an antenna of N elements our strategy can reduce the complexity of the system by 20N multiplications, 6N additions and 2N divisions. Moreover, a new Kalman based parallel RLMS (RKLMS) method is also proposed, where the LMS stage is replaced by a Kalman implementation of the classical LMS, and compared under low Signal to Interference plus Noise ratios (SINR). Simulation results show identical performance for the parallel RLMS, cascaded RLMS at 10dB and superior performance and robustness for the RKLMS on low SINR cases up to -10dB.
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Dates et versions

hal-02434614 , version 1 (21-04-2020)





Ghattas Akkad, Ali Mansour, B.A. Elhassan, J. Srar, M. Najem, et al.. Low complexity robust adaptive beamformer based on parallel RLMS and Kalman RLMS. 27th European Signal Processing Conference, EUSIPCO 2019, Sep 2019, A Coruna, Spain. ⟨10.23919/EUSIPCO.2019.8902999⟩. ⟨hal-02434614⟩
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