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Article Dans Une Revue Mathematics in Computer Science Année : 2014

Phase Based Localization for Underwater Vehicles Using Interval Analysis

Luc Jaulin
Jonathan Grimsdale
  • Fonction : Auteur


This paper addresses the common issue of locating an Underwater Vehicle (UV). Usually, the positioning of a vehicle is based on the propagation of electromagnetic waves, using systems such as the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, water, and particularly salty water, makes the use of electromagnetic waves impractical due to the attenuation caused by the high conductivity of the medium. Hence, the most reliable way to transmit information underwater is by using sound waves and many technologies have emerged to solve the positioning problem in this way. Technologies such as Long BaseLine (LBL), Short BaseLine (SBL) and Ultra-Short BaseLine (USBL) are the most frequently used underwater. These technologies are based on the use of multiple emitters in the case of LBL and SBL, or multiple receivers in the case of USBL. This paper describes a way of finding a vehicle location, on-board, based on the measurement at the vehicle by a single receiver of the phase of an acoustic sine wave transmitted from a single emitter that is at a fixed and known location. The method also uses other proprioceptive measurements: vehicle's velocity and heading. An algorithm based on contractors and bisections scatters the solution space searching for all possible solutions (positions in this case) to the set of equations. Moreover, this paper introduces the Time Constraint Satisfaction Problem (TCSP). Indeed, the proposed algorithm does not compute the solutions from measurements at a single point in time, rather it uses a set of measurements taken over a time window and stored in a buffer. As a result, the location is not only known at the latest instant but the past locations can be tracked back over the length of the chosen time window.
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Dates et versions

hal-01062323 , version 1 (09-09-2014)



Mohamed Saad Ibn Seddik, Luc Jaulin, Jonathan Grimsdale. Phase Based Localization for Underwater Vehicles Using Interval Analysis. Mathematics in Computer Science, 2014, 8 (3-4), pp.495-502. ⟨10.1007/s11786-014-0197-6⟩. ⟨hal-01062323⟩
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