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Journal Articles Defence and Peace Economics Year : 2021

MBDA’s Industrial Model and European Defence


Among European arms producers, MBDA represents the most advanced example of industrial integration and cross-border specialisation, thanks to a unique model of French–British centres of competence. However, it constitutes an exception inside the European defence technological and industrial base. It is therefore relevant to analyse why MBDA was able to achieve such consolidation process from fragmented competences of the European missile industry and to merge once competing companies despite the lack of a unique regulatory framework at the European level. This article presents the main features of MBDA today. It analyses the consolidation process in the European missile industry that created MBDA. It underlines how cooperative programmes provided a critical impulse in favour of industrial consolidation and the specialisation of MBDA sites across Europe. It explains how technological and industrial assets were reshuffled across European borders. It focuses on exports as a key dimension for MBDA’s model. Finally, it concludes by exploring the limits that result from the lack of a unified regulatory framework in Europe.
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hal-03271365 , version 1 (01-07-2021)



Renaud Bellais. MBDA’s Industrial Model and European Defence. Defence and Peace Economics, 2021, pp.876-893. ⟨10.1080/10242694.2021.1926176⟩. ⟨hal-03271365⟩
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